Krishna


“The divine flute player”

 

...Krishna means "extremely attractive"...



Eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, holder of the cosmic order, according to Indian mythology Krishna appeared on earth five thousand years ago.

Son of Princess Devaki and prince Vasudeva was saved from infanticide that Khamsa, the king of Mathura, was committing to escape the curse that would see him die by the hands of a child of his own kin.

The child Krishna was rescued by his father Vasudeva and taken to a village of cows shepherds, called Vrindaban, where he was exchange with another infant.

Nearby Vrindaban, on the Yamuna’s river banks, Krishna was raised by the new mother Yasoda and by Nanda, his adopted father. The young Krishna expressed his divine nature through several miracles including the lifting of the hill of Goverdhan used as umbrella to protect the inhabitants of the village by a terrible storm; the defeat of the giant serpent Kaliya by dancing on one of its many heads, and the killing of various demons sent by King Khamsa by then aware of the deceit and decided to kill again Krishna.

The youth of Krishna is marked by the intense love story for Radha and his pastimes with the Gopis, the milkmaids of the village.

This part of his life has been particularly described in the holy book Srimad-Bhagavatam and became the subject of several poetic-musical compositions, chief among them the "Gita Govinda" composed by Jayadeva, a medieval poet of Orissa.

In these compositions Krishna is portrayed as “the one who plays the Bansuri” and often associated with this sound.

The figure of Krishna becomes here a symbol of transcendental love between divinity and beings who perceive its charm, and the sound of his flute as the manifestation of the spiritual call.

“Deep in the night when Krishna plays his flute in the forest, animals approch him and the Gopis wake up from their dreams crossing the dark forest to rejoin him and realize the union in the ritual of RasaLila, the sacred dance...”

Love and devotion melt together creating a new spiritual feeling that near every creature to the creator.

Krishna returns to have a leading role in the bloody battle of Kurukshetra described in the epic of Mahabharata. Krishna took the side of the righteous princes Pandavas against their cousins ​​the Kauravas, usurpers of the kingdom. Krishna, being related to both branches of the family, asked Arjuna (the third of the Pandavas) and Duryodhana (the eldest of the Kauravas),  to choose between his army and his physical presence on the field battle, with the condition however that he would not fight. The Pandavas chose its proximity (which is why Krishna is the charioteer of his cart), making satisfied even Duryodhana, who was able to take possession of the powerful army of Krishna.

Before the battle, finding himself in front of cousins, grandparents, mentors and friends deployed in the opposing faction, Arjuna gave attachment and anxiety, she huddled crying and refused to fight. In the famous chapter of the Mahabharata called the Bhagavad Gita, Krishna instilled strength and courage,  reminding his Dharma to the Warrior and imparted a series of philosophical and spiritual teachings aimed at self-realization. Thanks to the proximity of Krishna, the Pandavas were victorious in Kurukshetra despite the numerical inferiority of their army than the Kauravas.

The end

After the self-destruction of his race, by a fierce civil war, Krishna retreated into the forest where he was joined by an arrow to the heel, his only vulnerable spot. He left the body and regained his divine form.

The physical death of Krishna, which took place in the year 3102 BC, marks the end of Dvapara Yuga, the third era of the world, and the beginning of the Kali Yuga, the present era.

Krishna playing with the Gopies and Radha’s sorrow.

Khangra painting 1760